Established gardens require care to keep them looking good, so maintenance pruning is a must each year. Older gardens in particular require restorative pruning, which is usually done in winter.
It is a good time to look at the overall structure of your deciduous trees while the leaves are on the ground and the limbs are bare. You can prune to balance the form of the tree and check for broken or rotting limbs.
Cut no more than 20 per cent of live growth each year, and ensure your tree is pruned in a way which doesn't damage its health or natural form.
Always ensure you clean your secateurs and other pruning equipment with meths between plants (and large cuts) to prevent spreading disease, and remember that a sharper tool makes a cleaner cut.
When to Prune Trees and Plants
Figuring out when to prune your plants can be confusing, but luckily pruning at the wrong time is rarely fatal.
It usually won't harm if you prune off-cycle, it might result in fewer flowers or fruit tho.
Do avoid pruning too late in the growing season as it so will encourage tender new growth that will die in winter weather.
Most fruit trees and berry plants need to be pruned while they are dormant. Failure to do so will result in the plant's steady decline,
Spring-flowering trees and shrubs need to be pruned soon after their flowers fade in late spring and early summer.